Nosebleeding is one of the most common problem treated as an emergencyby the Best ENT Doctors in Delhi hospitals. Doctors performing Best ENT Treatment in India say that nosebleeding mostly occurs in the morning hours.
Itoccurs mostly only from one nostriland if it is heavy, the blood can fill up the affected nostril and flow into the nasopharynx (the area inside the nose), causing simultaneous bleeding from the other nostril as well. Blood can also drip into the back of the throat or down into the stomach, causing a person to spit up or even vomit blood.
Nosebleedingis differentiated as two types –
- anterior (originating from the front of the nose) or
- posterior (originating from the back of the nose).
Anterior nosebleedingis the most commonone and easy to control by taking preventive measures that can be performed at home or by the Best ENT Doctor in Delhi.
Posterior nosebleeds are not commonly seen than the anterior nosebleeds. They occur mostly in elderly people. The bleeding occurs from an artery in the back part of the nose. This type of nose bleeding is complicated and require admission to the hospital for the Best ENT Treatment in India.
Nosebleeding occurs mostly in dry, cold climates. It can occur at any age. It is most commonly seenin children aged 2 to 10 years and adults aged 50 to 80 years.
Causes For The Nose Bleeding
The two most common causes of nosebleeding are-
1. Dry air — When your nasal membranes dry out, they are more prone to bleeding and infections.
2. Nose picking
The other causes of nosebleeding include :
- Acute sinusitis (sinus infection)
- Bleeding disorders such as hemophilia
- Blood thinners (anticoagulants)
- Chemical irritants, such as ammonia
- Chronic sinusitis
- Common cold
- Deviated nasal septum
- Foreign body in the nose
- Nasal sprays, such as those used to treat allergies
- Nonallergic rhinitis (chronic congestion or sneezing not related to allergies)
- Injury to the nose
Less common causes of nosebleeding involve:
- Alcohol use
- Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia
- Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP)
- Nasal and paranasal tumors
- Nasal polyps
- Nasal surgery
Important points to be kept in mind
Contact an ENT Specialist if the person experiences the following-
- Repeated episodes of nosebleeding.
- Additional bleeding from places other than the nose, such as in the urine or stool.
- Easy bruising.
- If the person has nosebleeds and is taking any blood-thinning medications.
- If the person has nosebleeds and any underlying disease that may affect blood clotting, such as liver disease, kidney disease, or hemophilia (inability of blood to clot) or
- If the person has nosebleeds and recently had chemotherapy.
You need to go to the hospital immediately if your nosebleed is accompanied by the following –
- Bleeding after pinching the nose for 10 to 20 minutes.
- Having repeated episodes of nosebleeds over a short time or if a large amount of blood is lost.
- Feeling dizzy or light-headed, or feels that you are going to pass out
- Have a rapid heartbeat or trouble breathing.
- Vomiting blood.
- Rash or temperature greater than 101.4 F (38.5 C).