You are said to be suffering from vertigo when you suddenly feel off balance. This could be accompanied by dizzy spells that make you feel as if you are in a spin or the place around you is suddenly spinning. Usually inner ear problems are the main causes of vertigo and dizziness. The good news, however, is that dizziness and vertigo treatment in India is at par with global standards, yielding the same results everywhere.
BPPV or bilateral paroxysmal positional vertigo is caused by the accumulation of canaliths or calcium particles that block the inner ear canals. These cause disturbances in the inner ear which transmits signals to your brain regarding body and head movements in relation to gravity and suddenly throws you off balance. This usually advances with age. The other causes of vertigo are Meniere's disease, where fluid builds up in the inner ear and disturbs its pressure and may lead to tinnitus or a buzzing in the ear and eventual hearing loss; Labyrinthitis or Vestibular neuritis caused by viral infections in the inner ear and inflames its nerves that maintain body balance; head injury; cerebral stroke or brain tumor; and migraine.
Dizziness on the other hand, is that sudden lightheaded, unbalanced or woozy effect that may lead to fainting. It’s actually not a disease, but a symptom rather. If dizziness persists, seeking medical advice immediately is advisable. Its causes are: migraine, side effects of certain medications and over intake of alcohol. Often the formation of an acoustic neuroma, a benign tumor on the nerve connecting the inner ear to the brain; blood pressure fluctuations; heart disease; anemia; hypoglycemia and dehydration are the other causes of dizziness.
Dizziness and vertigo treatment in India is done depending on its cause. Indian doctors treating the condition usually wait for some time before starting medication as vertigo may disappear on its own as the brain adapts itself to the changes in the inner ear while relying on separate mechanisms that maintain body balance. However, should the conditions persist, vestibular rehabilitation or physical therapy to strengthen the body’s vestibular system may be required because this particular system transmits signals to your brain regarding body and head movements in relation to gravity. Vestibular rehabilitation is recommended when there are recurrent bouts and helps strengthen the other senses to combat vertigo.
In keeping with the latest treatment trends in dizziness and vertigo treatment in India, doctors are advising specific body and head maneuvers for Canalith repositioning. These push the tiny calcium particles from the aural canal into a chamber of the inner ear for absorption by the body later. This is best done under the guidance of a physical therapist or doctor and is effective. Medication for vertigo and dizziness comprises anti-nausea drugs, steroids and antibiotics to reduce swelling caused by inner ear infection. For vertigo caused by Meniere's disease, water pills or diuretics that help extract body fluids are usually prescribed to eliminate or reduce pressure from the buildup of fluids.
Additionally, healthy diet, lifestyle changes, anti-anxiety medication, excessive fluid intake and yoga re prescribed to combat both conditions.