Vertigo is the sensation of movement which mostly appears in younger children. It is accompanied by the symptoms of dizziness, nausea and disequilibrium of movement. The ENT specialist in Delhi will look for the following symptoms in a patient of vertigo –
- Nystagmus (an abnormal eye movement)
- Difficultyin walking
- Hearing problems
Vertigo occurs in the inner ear called peripheral vertigoor the brain called central vertigo.The Ear Nose Throat Surgeon in India would look for and describe about the symptoms of vertigo in the patient before performing any test required in this condition.
The symptoms of vertigo last from minutes to hours and may occur as regular events. Vertigo may affect 5% of children. Children with vertigo can’t do their activity properly. Some may also experience a change in hearing ability.
Various Causes of Vertigo
The most common cause of vertigo in children, as mentioned by ENT specialists in Delhi is -Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV). BPPV vertiginous events are sudden and frequently occur in younger children. The main causes involve:
- middle ear infection (otitis media).
- inner ear infection (labyrinthitis/vestibular neuronitis).
- benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV).
- migraine headache.
Vertigocan also be caused by an underlying disease affecting the inner ear (labyrinth), Cranial Nerve (vestibular or acoustic nerve), the brainstem, the cerebellum (brain’s balance center) and the brain’s gray matter (cortex). Inner ear infection (labyrinthitis) is caused by a viral infection. It can also be caused from trauma or medication side effect. Acute labyrinthitis can cause severe and sudden arrival of vertigo with nystagmus, nausea, vomiting, and hearing loss. Cranial Nerve (Vestibular or Acoustic nerve) can be inflamed or infected and is called as vestibular neuronitis. The brain can be stricken by inflammation, infection, tumor, stroke, migraine, seizure, and multiple sclerosis.
Diagnosis And Treatment of Vertigo
Vertigo diagnosis is done by the Ear Nose Throat Surgeon in India and is based on the child’s symptoms and the caregiver’s observation. The physical examination of vertigo patient may be normal or may demonstrate abnormalities such as nystagmus (an abnormal eye movement).Particular testing can be done to confirm vertigo and examine the causes of vertigo are-
- CT scan of the head
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) brain scan
- Electrocardiogram (EKG)
- Electroencephalogram (EEG)
The best ENT Treatment in Indiaforvertigo in children depends on the underlying causes that are responsible for the occurence of vertigo, the duration and the number of occurences of the vertigo attacks.
If vertigo is caused by an inner ear problem, the doctor may prescribe medications. They can help your child’s balance system get back to normal. The most common medications are:
- Antihistamines are used to treat inner ear problems.
- Motion sickness medicine (if needed).
- Antibiotics, antivirals, or steroids if an ear infection is suspected.
Thus, the ENT specialists in Delhi suggest to keep your child away from the activities that require balance or coordination until vertigo is finished. The activities involved in this are skate-boarding, riding a bike or scooter, roller-skating and driving.