Thyroplasty in India is a recent addition to the fairly large repertoire of treatment options available for correction of voice disorders. Any ENT specialist in India is trained to perform this surgery, done primarily to improve a person’s voice quality, especially in those whose vocal chords are damaged due to disease or by trauma. It is often see that when a person’s vocal cords don’t move in unison, when he speaks, his voice sounds strained, choked, squeaky or harsh. This may become a permanent condition if immediate action is not taken and thyroplasty is one such step towards treating it. All ENT departments of general hospitals and particularly, any specialized ENT hospital in India is the right place to go to in order to get a thyroplasty done.
During the course of the operation, the ENT specialist in India puts in a miniscule stent inside the patient’s vocal cord. This subsequently holds the said vocal cord in place when he speaks and consequently improves his voice quality. The best part of thyroplasty in India is that it’s a procedure involving minimum risk and one night’s stay at any super specialty ENT hospital in India, followed by 4-5 days voice rest is good enough to return to normal life. In cases of extreme voice disorders, however, the post-surgical rehabilitation may require some rounds of speech therapy or voice training.
The basic purpose of thyroplasty in India, like anywhere else in the world is to strengthen weak vocal cords. In cases of vocal cord paralysis, the stent guides the paralyzed vocal cord towards the mid line. The ENT specialist in India who performs the procedure aims to also eliminate problems like intermittent coughing and/or choking that arises from weakened vocal cords while swallowing. Facilities for treating vocal cord disorders are available in every ENT hospital in India and this includes Thyroplasty – both Types 1 & 2.
Thyroplasty( Type 1) is done by placing both vocal cords closer to each other to reduce abductor spasm outcomes. Thyroplasty (Type 2) involves keeping the vocal cords separate from each other by way of a shin. This shin separates the patient’s vocal cords and does not allow them to come into contact with each other when spasms occur. Both procedures may be done using local anesthesia along with intravenous sedation wherein a tranquilizer is injected intravenously into the patient.
Preoperative measures include thorough examination of the vocal cords, voice tests, laryngeal stroboscopy and testing of the patient’s aerodynamic requirements according to the size and condition of his airway. During the course of the operation, the surgeon makes a small incision on the neck’s crease and inserts a highly powerful, fiber optic laryngoscope to get a clear view of the patient’s vocal cords. The latter’s nose is packed with cotton wool soaked in topical anesthesia. The patient is usually ask to speak while the surgery is on to test the improvement in voice quality as his vocal cords are adjusted. Any internal swelling that may already be there is subsequently treated with antibiotics and steroids. The incision is then covered with a sterile dressing.