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Home Blog Types of Skull Base Conditions and Tumors: Consult the Best ENT Doctor in India

Types of Skull Base Conditions and Tumors: Consult the Best ENT Doctor in India

Importance of Skull Base

Skull base is the bottom part of the skull and it is the main and complex bone structure. Brain lies upon the skull base and it plays an important role in separating the human brain with other structures in the head. Skull base has numerous openings and many blood vessels and nerves pass through such openings.

What are the skull base related diseases and conditions?

Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF) leak

CSF is a colorless and clear fluid that flows through the brain and circulates around the brain surface and spinal cord. This liquid nourishes the ‘central nervous system’, takes out chemicals and wastes from the system, and functions as the cushion to the brain. CSF leak is the condition when this fluid leaks out through the skull bone to ears or nose.This rare condition could result from an injury on the head or brain or sinus surgery. Watch over symptoms such as headache, visual blurredness, nasal drain, or ringing in the ears.

Pituitary tumors

Pituitary gland located in the brain is a peasized organ that is the most vital hormoneproducing gland in our body. Pituitary tumor is an unusual overgrowth of a cell in pituitary gland. ENT specialists in India confirm that in most cases these tumors are benign(noncancerous). While there is no common cause, symptoms such as headache, tiredness, visual blurredness, sudden weight changes, mood swings, behavioral changes, or abnormal growth in hands, feet, jaws or forehead should not be ignored.

Glomus tumors

Glomus cells in our body helpregulate breathing function. Glomus tumors are noncancerous, slow-growing, but locally invasive overgrowth of a glomus cell. In the head and neck, glomus tumors could arise in several parts – closer to the inner ear, middle ear, or carotid arteries (the blood vessels that carry oxygen-rich blood to the brain, head, and face). Glomus tumors are associated with facial paralysis and hearing impairment.

Vestibular Schwannoma

Vestibular system comprises the parts of the inner ear and brain.This system controls the balance and eye movements. Vestibular schwannoma is a noncancerous tumor in the cells of the vestibulocochlear nerve that forms myelin. The common symptoms include headaches, dizziness, hearing loss, ringing in the ear, facial numbness, or unsteadiness and problems in balancing the body.

Nasopharyngeal Angiofibroma

This is another noncancerous tumor that develops in the back of the nasal cavity andsaid to be caused by hormonal factors. Tumor could be locally invasive, spread to surrounding structures and become complicated. Watch over symptoms such as bleeding or stuffy nose, headaches, reduced smelling sense, or hearing loss in worst cases.

How can the Best ENT Doctor in India assist you?

ENT specialist in India will do an initial diagnosis of your problem and perform the required tests including blood and urine tests, MRI, CT scan, and biopsies. Level of complication is assessed and the best treatment option is recommended. In India ,advancedskull base treatmentsare available to treat your condition with no complications. An experienced team comprising ENT and Head Neck surgeon, Neurosurgeon, Vascular Surgeon, Interventional Radiologistattentively involves in treatments.

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